1. Identify research topics of theoretical and conceptual relevance to his or her field of study.

 2. Formulate specific research questions and /or hypotheses within the above context 

3. Identify scientific methods relevant to the chosen research field

 4. Propose a specific methodology relevant to the selected research questions

 5. Identify academic sources pertaining to the selected research area 

6. Review relevant literature 

7. Draft a literature review 

8. Complete a standardised report containing the above material.